Louvre

(Musée du Louvre)
   The Louvre, known also as the Musée du Louvre, is the national art museum of France and the name of the palace in which it is housed. Located in Paris on the right bank of the seine, until 1682 it was a royal residence and is one of the largest palaces in the world, occupying the site of a 13th-century fortress. In 1546, King francis i began the building of the Louvre based on the plans of pierre lescot. During the reigns of subsequent monarchs, a number of additions were made. Under henry iv, the Grande Galerie was completed; almost three centuries later, under napoléon III, a north wing was added. The vast complex was completed in the mid-19th century and covers more than 19 hectares (48 acres), making it both a masterpiece of architectural design and the largest museum in the world. In 1793, the Louvre opened as a public museum (a project envisioned by louis XVI), and jacques-louis david was made its chief administrator. In 1848, the Louvre became state property. The center of its collection is a group of Italian Renaissance paintings, including several by Leonardo da Vinci that were owned by Francis I. The collection was enriched by acquisitions made by Cardinal Richelieu, Cardinal mazarin, and louis XIV, including purchases from the collection of King Charles I of England. napoléon i deposited in the Louvre many artworks seized during his conquests, especially in Italy, and since then a large number of bequests, purchases, and archaeological artifacts have further enriched the Louvre's collection. Its greatest treasures include the Vénus de Milo, the Winged Victory of Samothrace, and da Vinci's La Jaconde (Mona Lisa). There are also works by Raphael, Titian, Rembrandt, and Rubens. Several curatorial departments administer the collection. The Department of Egyptian Antiquities was formed in 1826 to study and display the objects brought back during Napoléon Bonaparte's Egyptian campaign. The Department of Oriental Antiquities has a famous Middle Eastern collection. other departments are the Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities section, Objets d'Art, and Drawings and Prints. The Department of Paintings is considered by many scholars to be the most important in the world. In 1993, President François Mitterrand opened the Richelieu gallery in the north wing, which had previously housed the Ministry of Finance. Since 1996, the Rohan Wing has housed the fashion section of the museum. The Louvre complex also includes the Carrousel du Louvre, which has the glass pyramid entrance designed by I. M. Pei.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Louvre II — Louvre Lens Louvre Lens Informations géographiques Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louvre —   [luːvr], ursprünglich das Schloss der französischen Könige in Paris, jetzt Museum. Der älteste Bau war die um 1200 errichtete Königsburg. Von der unter Franz I. begonnenen neuen Residenz (Alter Louvre) baute P. Lescot seit 1546 den südlichen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Louvre — (palais du) palais de Paris qui borde la rive droite de la Seine. Au XIVe s., Charles V transforma en résidence royale la forteresse bâtie en 1204. Elle fut reconstruite et agrandie sous François Ier (par P. Lescot), sous Henri II, Henri IV,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louvre — (spr. lūwr ), Palast in Paris, der seit 1793 zur Aufbewahrung von Kunst und einigen wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen des Staates dient und jetzt auch Sitz des Finanzministeriums ist. Der jetzige Bau wurde auf der Stelle eines alten Schlosses… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louvre — the Louvre the most famous French ↑museum, which is in Paris and has many important paintings, including the Mona Lisa, and ↑statues, including Nike or the Winged Victory …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Louvre — (spr. Luhwr), der alte königliche Palast in Paris, welcher jetzt die kaiserlichen Museen enthält u. seit neuester Zeit durch zwei Gallerien (Flügel) mit den Tuilerien vereinigt, mit diesen ein großes Ganzes bildet, s.u. Paris. Die Ehre des L.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Louvre — (spr. luhwr), seit 1793 das Hauptmuseum in Paris, am r. Seineufer, ursprünglich Hofburg, später Residenzschloß, von Ludwig XIV. durch einen Anbau erweitert, unter Napoleon III. 1852 57 völlig ausgebaut, umfaßt jetzt ein Museum von größter… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Louvre — Louvre, ein königl. Palast zu Paris, das alte, ehrwürdige Gebäude, dessen unvollendeter Seitenflügel mit den Tuilerien in Verbindung steht, und dessen Anblick imposant, dessen Kunstschätze unermeßlich sind. 15 Säle enthalten im untersten… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Louvre — (Luhwr). Palast in Paris, von Franz I., Heinrich IV., Ludwig XIII. und XIV. erbaut, von Napoleon I. noch nicht vollendet, was Napoleon III. vorbehalten scheint, enthält den bewunderungswürdigen Schatz der kaiserl. Museen, die mit der größten… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Louvre — (izg. lúvr) m DEFINICIJA nacionalni muzej i umjetnička galerija Francuske u Parizu; jedan od najvećih i najbogatijih na svijetu, otvoren 1793. u kraljevskoj palači …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • louvre — meaning ‘(one of) a set of overlapping slats for ventilation’, is spelt in this way in BrE and louver in AmE …   Modern English usage

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